Incident Management Team Development
Incident Management Team (IMT) development is designed to meet the needs of the IMT and provide opportunities for application of Incident Management skills at the appropriate level (Local IMT - local/regional incidents, Type 3 IMT - state/regional incidents). Effective September 2008, this professional development includes per National Incident Management System (NIMS):
- All Emergency Responders: Any person who
may serve in a command or general staff position must have successfully completed ICS-100, 200, 300, and 400; IS-700 and IS-800; or the organization must have a plan in place to train personnel to these levels.
- All-Hazard (Type 3) IMTs: All team members must successfully complete the All-Hazard IMT (O305) course; ICS position-specific courses approved by DHS/IMSID, and have their Position Task Book (PTB) successfully evaluated through field mentoring.
- Type 2 and 1 IMTs: Team members must complete a performance-based training regimen identified by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) in PMS 310-1, Wildland Fire Qualification Guide.
Team development is an important part of any IMT. This is where the members of an IMT work and train as a team; learning the knowledge and skills needed to perform effectively in an emergency or disaster environment under stressful, dynamic conditions. Effective IMTs have very good decision-making skills that can be appropriately applied during an emergency or disaster. These skills must be developed by the team as a whole in an exercise/activity environment.
Local (Type 4 & 5) IMTs develop their teams and their incident management skills through the six-day Command & General staff Functions for Local IMTs course provided by the USFA through their State Fire Training organization. The course covers the eight command and General Staff positions, the planning process, and teamwork for an effective operation.
Team development for All-Hazard (Type 3) IMTs is provided as part of the All-Hazard IMT Technical Assistance Program’s six-day course offering. The All-Hazard IMT course covers operations at major/complex incidents at the regional or state level, involving resources that respond locally, through mutual aid, and are provided by Emergency Management Assistance Compacts (EMAC) at the regional, state, and national level. The course also discusses national mobilization.
ICS Position-Specific Professional Development
All-Hazard IMT position specific profession development is accomplished by team members completing position specific courses for their assigned positions on the team. The DHS - Incident Management System Integration Division, along with NWCG, USFA, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the EPA, have developed ICS All-Hazard (Type 3) position specific courses for the following IMT positions.
- All-Hazard Incident Commander
- All-Hazard Operations Section Chief
- All-Hazard Planning Section Chief
- All-Hazard Logistics Section Chief
- All-Hazard Finance/Administration Section Chief
- All-Hazard Safety Officer
- All-Hazard Liaison Officer
- All-Hazard Public Information Officer
- All-Hazard Situation Unit Leader
- All-Hazard Resource Unit Leader
- All-Hazard Supply Unit Leader with Ordering Manager
- All-Hazard Finance/Administration Unit Leaders
- All-Hazard Facility Unit Leader
- All-Hazard Division/Group Supervisor
Field Mentoring and Position Task Book Completion
In order for All-Hazard (type 3) IMT members to become qualified, they must receive a successful evaluation and sign-off of the competencies identified in their Position Task Book (PTB). This is accomplished through on-the-job evaluation of their application of their knowledge and skills during actual incidents and events. Field mentoring occurs when All-Hazard IMT members are deployed to an incident and are mentored and evaluated by an experienced qualified Type 1 or Type 2 IMT member. The All-Hazard IMT member becomes actively involved in the functions, tasks, and responsibilities of their assigned All-Hazard IMT position. The All-Hazard IMT members are assigned meaningful tasks that enhance their knowledge and skills of their position and IMT operations during major emergencies and incidents. Successful completion of assigned tasks is reviewed by their mentor and applicable portions of their competencies are signed off in their PTB. Completion of all the competencies indicates that the IMT member is qualified for their assigned IMT position.
NOTE: due to a limited number of appropriate incidents, field mentoring is only available for All-Hazard (Type 3) IMTs developed under US Fire Administration's Type 3 IMT Technical Assistance Program.